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Install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS “Bionic Beaver” Server in Oracle Virtual Box

Install-ubuntu-18.04-LTS-Bionic-Beaver-Server-in-Oracle-Virtual-Box

What is Ubuntu 18.04 Bionic Beaver LTS Server?

Ubuntu is a Debian-based Linux Operating System and distribution for personal computers, Smartphones and Network Servers. It uses Unity as its default user interface. It is based on free software. The Server version comes with X Windows Environment in a default installation. Ubuntu Server Edition supports three major architectures: x86-64 (amd64).

Introduction

In this article, we’ll discuss about how to install server version of Ubuntu. In these process you can install and configure Ubuntu Server in your Virtual Box easily

1. You will need to download the current version of Ubuntu Server from http://www.ubuntu.com/download/server. After downloaded you need to create a bootable CD/DVD or USB flash.

2. Once done, put the disc in your drive, or insert the USB flash, and reboot your machine. Make sure that you set your BIOS to boot either from the CD/DVD or USB flash depending on which installation method you choose.

3. Now open Virtual Box and click to the New bottom. You’ll see this pop-up window. You can insert OS name, type and version whichever you’ve download.

name and operating system

4. Now you need to set your Memory size (RAM), for me I took 1024 MB (1 GB), you can choose your own.

memory size

5. Now you need to set up your Hard Drive space, select Create a virtual hard drive now, and click Create.

Hard Drive

6. Choose Hard drive file type, select the 1st one, VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and click the Next bottom.

hard drive file type

7. Now you’ve to choose the type of Storage on physical hard drive. I choose the Dynamically allocated and hit Next.

storage on physical hard drive

8. After that, you need to select your File location and hard drive space, I took 50 GB of space, you can choose yourself. Then click on Create bottom.

file location and size

9. After that, you’ve to click the Start Bottom on top menu.

start your machine

10. Now the system ask you for Auto capture keyboard turn on or off, for me- I choose Do not show this message again box and click ok.

capture keyboard

11. Now you need to select your ISO file, DVD or Flash Drive and click the Start bottom.

12. That’s all, your setup is finish. Now you can choose your language, for me I choose English, choose yours and hit Enter.

choose your language

13. Next, you can see this windows, you’ll choose the 1st option- Install Ubuntu Server and hit Enter.

install ubuntu server

14. After that, you need to Select your geographical location.

geographical location

15. Now, Configure your keyboard. I choose no to manually choose the keyboard.

configure your keyboard

 

16. Now you need to choose the country origin, I choose the English (US) for country origin.

choose country origin

17. Choose the English (US) keyboard layout.

keyboard layout

18. After this, the system will detect the hardware to find a CD-ROM drive.

detect the hardware to find a CD-ROM drive

19. Next, the installation will detect and load any additional component.

detect and load any additional component

20. After that, your system will detect the network hardware.

detect the network hardware

21. After this task, you’ve type in the host name whatever you want to configure your server, for me I took my hostname as- server.

configure network

22. Now you need to Setup user and password, type your full name and continue.

setup user and password

23. Set your username, for me I took fosslover, choose yours and hit continue.

set your username

24. Now type your password for the username and continue.

type your password

25. Choose if you like to encrypt your home directory or not. I recommend selecting No, because it makes it easier to do recovery if needed in case a corruption of data happens.

encrypt your home directory or not

26. After that, you need to Configure clock, and time zone. Select Yes and hit enter.

configure clock

27. Now you can see the installation is detecting disks, and other hardware.

installation is detecting disks and other hardware

28. At this stage is were you partition your disk(s). Select Guided as it is the default method.

partition your disk

29. After that, Select the partition of your choice, it’s looks like SCSI3.

partition of your choice

30. Now Select Yes to start writing the changes to disks, and configure LVM.

start writing the changes to disks

31. Now Answer Yes to actually write the changes to disk.

write the changes to disk

32. In this windows, you can see the installation is copying data.

installation is copying data

33. After that, the installation is configuring Apt Sources List.

configuring apt

34. In this windows you can configure a Proxy. I select Continue since I’m not using a proxy. You can select yours.

configure proxy

35. The installation is selecting the software being installed.

selecting the software

36. Here you can choose configure how to install updates. I choose the 2nd option, which is automatic method.

configuring tasksel

37. You can choose one these option at the time of install or later. if you select continue, you can manually choose what you want to install later. For me I choose some of them.

software selection

38. The all software are installing, if you didn’t choose, it’s ok, you can install later.

select and install software

39. Now you can see the Grub installation is started.

grub installation

40. Now you need to select Yes to install grub to the Master Boot Record.

grub loader on hard disk

insatalling grub boot loader

41. After Finishing the installation. Select continue and remove the disk or USB.

remove the disk

42. Congratulation! You’re done. Reboot your machine.

43. This is Your Login screen Now, type your username you created earlier, and your password to login. That’s it.

44. This is your Welcome screen. You are now logged in to your new Ubuntu server!

Conclusion

I think, by this article, you should have Idea About How to install Ubuntu 18.04 LTS “Bionic Beaver” Server in Oracle Virtual Box step-by-step. You should also know some basic important commands that will help you to work in Linux Server. Finally, you should be comfortable to install Ubuntu Server 18.04 LTS “Bionic Beaver” in your system. Thank You.

Aryan is a Linux Ethusiast who loves Free and Open Source Software. He promotes and provides solution to Linux and its derivatives. He has about 7 years of experience in Linux and System Administration. As a spare time, he like to work as a Freelancer and writes articles, tutorials, news on FOSS and Linux.